Being Faithful for the Long Haul in the Exile

With the church around the world, the saints at the First U.P. Church of Crafton Heights are seeking to be faithful to God and neighbor through not only the COVID-19 pandemic, but also the racial tension and civil unrest that has gripped the USA this week.  As we celebrate the Day of Pentecost, we do so mindful of the fact that we are a church that was born speaking the languages of the marginalized and oppressed and seeking to be faithful to God’s call to demonstrate the fullness of God’s reign on earth.  Our scriptures for today included Daniel 6:1-23 and Acts 2:1-13.

To hear this sermon as preached in worship, please use the player below.  To see the complete worship service, please use the YouTube link at the end of this blog.

On March 22, our congregation began to gather for worship digitally.  We did the unimaginable: we had Holy Week and Easter without any of you setting foot in the building!  We didn’t know how to do that; and some of us thought we couldn’t do that, but we did.  And since then, we’ve been spending most of our worship time exploring the stories that are found in the first half of the book of Daniel.  We’ve discovered some reminders of the ways that God is present to a people in exile, and we’ve seen vivid examples of courage, fortitude, faith, and love.  Today brings us to the end of that series, and we will conclude our exploration with the story that is probably most familiar to us… The lion’s den.

When we first meet Daniel, he’s a young man – maybe 13-15 years old.  By the time of today’s reading, though, he’s at least 65, and probably closer to 80 years old.  For fifty or sixty years, he’s been continuing to do what he’s always done – he’s being faithful to God, no matter which king reigns in Babylon.  As a teenager, he was in trouble because he didn’t want to contaminate his plate with food that didn’t belong there according to God’s rule, and he was threatened.  His friends were thrown into a fiery furnace.  He faces pressure again and again to worship someone other than the Lord, and he never does so.

Daniel in the Lion’s Den, Briton Riviere (1872)

I am struck by Daniel’s staying power: to be so faithful in such a difficult place for such a long time.  We are frustrated to think that we haven’t been able to eat in our favorite restaurant for three months; when the politician we oppose gets elected we think, “Oh no – four whole years of this!”; we buy a house and think, “30 years of mortgage payments…” and yet Daniel models faith for more than half a century.  Daniel is a man with staying power.  He stood firm.

What was the key to this?  How could he do it?  I would suggest that it was because Daniel knew which laws were ones that could be changed, and which were ones that would never change.  That’s what this story is about.  It’s not a story about Daniel and a bunch of crooked politicians, or Daniel and a gullible king, or even Daniel and the lions.  It’s about God’s laws and the Empire’s laws.  The other rulers saw this when they were trying to get rid of Daniel: “We’ll never find any basis for charges against this man Daniel unless it has something to do with the law of his God.”

I don’t know about you, but when my eye falls across verses 8 and 15 of Daniel 6, and I read about the laws of the Medes and the Persians which can never be changed – well, it sounds sort of quaint to me.  Sort of old-fashioned.  After all, who even knows anything about the Medes and the Persians, whoever they were, let alone their laws?  That sounds really old-timey. “The law that cannot be revoked!” – it sounds like a line from a bad movie.

Except it’s not.  We’ve grown up and lived under and suffered with all kinds of “laws that can never be changed”; We accept them day in and day out.  “A law that cannot be revoked” is a law that is designed to protect privilege and power.  I mean, isn’t that what was happening in Daniel?  Those who were threatened by Daniel’s faithfulness and ascendancy were saying, “As long as this Jew is hanging around, we’re not ‘safe’; we could wind up losing the King’s affection, our positions of glory, and our privilege.”

The laws that can never be changed are those fictions that a society tells itself so that evil can hide behind a statute and what is immoral can cloak itself in legality.

Another way to put it would be to say that the laws that can never be changed are the things that “everybody knows”.  If you think hard enough, you might be able to come up with a few of them:

  • You can’t fight city hall
  • It’s the ‘golden rule’: whoever has the gold makes the rules

You see what I mean? Some of these are actually codes written in a book somewhere, but others come from our lived experience and we accept them as true and as binding.  And these laws that cannot be changed have been around forever.

You remember Thomas Jefferson, the man who penned the amazing phrase, “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.”  He also said, “Slavery is a necessary evil”.  The chattel slavery of human beings was a law that could not be changed in America from 1619 until 1865.  Everybody knew that.

And when the legal cloak of slavery ended, the law came to allow, or even mandate, state-sponsored segregation according to “race”.  The Supreme Court of our nation ruled in 1896 that “separate but equal” was not only possible, but was a law by which we should live.  And that was the official doctrine of the land until 1954 when the same Supreme Court said, “You know what? That’s a law that CAN be changed.”

All of that happened before I was born.  The “law that cannot be changed” under which I’ve lived my entire life is, “If those people  would just follow the rules, then none of this would have happened.”  A situation gets out of hand, and property is damaged or lives are lost, and we fall back on that truth: that a person who suffers injury or death is usually complicit because, well, they weren’t following the rules.  They should have just obeyed, and everything would have been fine.

Am I reaching too far here?  Are these are examples of “laws that cannot be changed”?  Codes of conduct to which society agrees and then implements for generations?

What has changed in my lifetime?  When I was seven years old my mother put me in front of the television and told me to watch the funeral of Martin Luther King, Jr.  This week, at the age of 59, I’m sitting in front of the television watching people prepare for George Floyd’s funeral.

Are we ever going to learn?

Is anything ever going to change?

The witness of Daniel and the story of Pentecost may provide clues for us who seek to live by faith in a world where privilege is protected and power is maintained through the malicious (and fully legal) use of “laws that cannot be changed.”

I’ll start by saying that we’re not entirely sure how the Festival of Pentecost might have been observed on that day in about 30 AD about which we heard in the reading from Acts.  There were three great festivals for which faithful Jews were expected to journey to Jerusalem.  However, unlike the other two pilgrimage holidays (Passover and the Feast of Tabernacles), Pentecost – the harvest offering – lasted only a single day.

Pentecost, also known as the “Feast of Weeks”, celebrated the beginning of the wheat harvest.  As such, it was a busy time for an agricultural people.  Folk who were trying to be faithful got into town, dropped off their “wave offerings” at the temple, and headed back to the farm.  There were probably no extended welcomes, lavish banquets, or week-long observances.  People came in, did their best to do right in the eyes of the Lord, and left town.

The followers of Jesus happened to be in Jerusalem when the feast of Pentecost took place.  They were not there to make new friends or to change the world.  They were trying to figure out what it meant for them to be a community of faith.  They were hiding in a nondescript place, not wanting to attract attention to themselves – until the Holy Spirit barged into their hideout and it looked like God was trying to burn the place down and they found themselves being sent out and talking to the people nobody cared about in languages that they didn’t think that they knew.

Acts chapter two describes the formation of a new community which was birthed in an act of invitation, engagement, welcome, and inclusivity.   Historians of the first century tell us on numerous occasions that the followers of Jesus were either reviled or revered for their posture toward outsiders and the marginalized.

The Day of Pentecost is a call for the Church in 21st century – for us – to seek to recover that aspect of our congregational DNA and to remember that the call to faithful living, to invitation, engagement, welcome, and attentiveness to those are the margins is one that must be chosen over and over and over again in the long haul.

The church was born speaking the language of the outsider.  Are we still listening for the language of the oppressed?  Are we willing to learn that language? And are we committed to living graciously and hospitably?

I would suggest that a central strategy for the church in 2020 is to embrace the work of antiracism in the name of Jesus.  Now, church, this is the first time I have used this phrase in my eleven weeks of preaching to an iPhone in an empty sanctuary, but I’m glad you’re not here right now.  It’s not that I don’t love you and it’s not that I don’t miss you, but if we had a hundred and fifty people here this morning I guarantee you that I’d have a line of people waiting to talk with me who began the conversation by saying, “Pastor, I’m not a racist, but…” or “You know, I have a friend who is black, and even HE says…” And frankly, I don’t think I could handle too many of those conversations this morning.

It’s not enough to claim a lack of prejudice for myself, or to point to a person of color who can somehow vouch for me.  The church is called to the work of anti-racism – of disassembling structures that prop up the laws that cannot be changed and not only opposing those who spew hate, but becoming people who will not be silent in the midst of hate.

This Pentecost Sunday, this day where we remember the life of a man who lived in exile in a foreign land for nearly a century, the truth is this: an astounding 40% of white Americans do not have a single friend who is a person of color.  Similarly, 25% of nonwhites live effectively surrounded by their own tradition and culture.[1] Are those numbers indicative of your friend group?  I don’t know.  But they are antithetical to the gospel of Jesus Christ.

So what do we DO? How do we engage in the work of antiracism as a means of expressing our faith in Christ during a time of pandemic and isolation and social unrest?  There are a lot of ways, and if you are hearing my voice now, you know how to work the Google Machine and you can find a number of articles or exercises that will fit your interest and ability.  Let me offer a few ideas, though, that might make sense as you continue to dwell in your own quarantine.

You can expand your reading list.  If you have not read anything by someone like James McBride, Toni Morrison, Ta-Nehisi Coates, or Khaled Hosseini, then you should.  Most of you have not lived their experiences, but all of us need to know them.

Similarly, you can enlarge your media consumption so as to include stories of people of color.  Watch the films “Just Mercy”, or “Selma”, or other such movies or television series that will allow you to listen to and internalize the stories of people of color.

Pay attention to the stories that you read to and tell your children and grandchildren.  There are many amazing children’s books that depict the brown child or the outsider as the hero of the story.  Help the children that you love to grow up knowing that people who may not look or think like them can be extraordinary, and that exclusion and hate do not belong as a part of our story.  Some of you are aware of the fact that I have been reading a children’s book on Facebook most days since the middle of March, and there are a lot of stories there to get you started.

And perhaps most importantly, listen to your own inner narrative.  How do you repeat “the laws that cannot be changed” in a way that solidifies your own power or privilege but negates someone else – often in a way that you would not do overtly?  How does your social media use align with the values of the Christ of Pentecost?  To whom do you give your “likes” or your retweets or your attention?  And to whom do you offer a challenge or a correction?  Sometimes, your silence is taken as complicity.

Finally, beloved, remember this: at the end of the day, there are only two laws that cannot be changed, and they were given to us by the One we’re called to worship this day.  “’You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your mind.’ This is the greatest and first commandment.  And a second is like it: ‘You shall love your neighbor as yourself.’” (Matthew 22:37-39, NRSV)

So that’s it.  Today is Pentecost, and more than anything, we’d love to repeat the experience of the first Christians (“When the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in one place…”), but we can’t.  Instead, we are challenged to echo the next part of their story – their experience of having been driven out of their building and into the world.

We have not been in the exile as long as Daniel – not by a longshot – but we are weary.  But beloved, for the love of God, do not waste this moment.  In the middle of March, this congregation did what we did not think was possible: we learned how to do church this way.

Today, don’t worry about the fact that you can’t COME to church; instead, think about how you might BE the church in all the ways that matter.  Listen.  Learn.  Love.

Thanks be to God, who invites us to become wider, richer, deeper, wiser, and better than we have ever thought possible.  Amen.


Being Willing to Learn in the Exile

With other communities here in Western Pennsylvania, the saints at the First U.P. Church of Crafton Heights are experiencing the difficulty of finding our way through the COVID-19 pandemic.  When our part of the state entered the “Yellow” phase of this effort, gatherings of 25 people were permitted.  I was delighted to be able invite four confirmands and their families to be present in the sanctuary for worship even as the bulk of our congregation gathered virtually.  Today we celebrated the young people who made their public profession of faith and one special young person who received the sacrament of baptism.   As our culture wrestles with the implications of the Coronavirus, including “stay at home” orders and social distancing, we find it helpful to consider previous stories of exile and separation.  Our texts on May 24 included Daniel 5:17-31 and Luke 11:24-28.  


To hear this sermon as preached in worship, please visit the YouTube link posted at the end of the message.

One of the hazards of leading worship on the internet is that I don’t know who’s here or who has been here before.  So this morning, let me start by reminding some of you and informing others that we’ve spent the last six weeks immersed in the Old Testament book of Daniel.  When we were hit with the Coronavirus and all of the COVID closures, it seemed like a good idea to take a look at what some of our ancestors have experienced, done, and learned.  Daniel chapters 1-6 tell a number of stories about a group of people who are taken from what they think of as their “normal” lives, compelled to go to places they don’t want to go, eat what they don’t want to eat, be called by something other than their true names, and live in a culture that is not of their own choosing.  We’ve heard of young people resisting pressure from their peers as well as their leaders, we’ve seen stories of God’s power overwhelming that of the idols, and we’ve watched rescues and bravery in many ways.  Last week we even heard about one man’s inability to get a decent haircut. So, yes, there have been some parallels to our current situation.

Today’s story fits in nicely with this sequence.  This week, we’re back in ancient Babylon.  King Nebuchadnezzar, who originally kidnapped the young people back in about 605 BCE has died in 562 BCE, and there have been a number of power-hungry and blood-thirsty men who have sought to succeed him.  The Book of Daniel is silent about the intervening years, and today we pick up the story on what we are told is October 11, 539 B.C. – 23 years after the old king died and 66 years after Daniel and his colleagues began their exile.  The man in charge now is named Belshazzar.  He gives a feast, and as he gets drunk, he orders the servants to bring the holy objects that Nebuchadnezzar had stolen from the temple in Jerusalem.  And there, as they are toasting the idols and mocking the Lord, something incredible happens.

A disembodied hand appears and begins to write upon the wall.  The king is suddenly very sober and very scared – his knees are knocking and the color drains from his face.  He calls out for the same bunch of clowns that we’ve seen time and again in Daniel, the royal astrologers, wise men, and magicians.  He begs them to tell him what is going on.  And once again, they are perplexed.

Then the queen has an idea.  Scholars think that because this woman was so bold in her speaking and so familiar with the history, that when the story talks about the queen, it’s referring to the queen mother – perhaps old Nebuchadnezzar’s wife.  She reminds the king of the Jewish slave who’s done all right at solving these mysteries in the past.  “Send for Daniel,” she says.  “He’ll tell you what this is all about.”  I should tell you that at this point in his life, Daniel is well over 70 years old.

So Daniel comes in and the king tries to keep his position of power.  He tries to buy Daniel’s advice and loyalty by making all sorts of promises of wealth and fame.  And what does Daniel do?  He says, “Keep your money.  I’ll tell you the truth about what the writing on the wall is all about.”  And he does.

“Nebuchadnezzar was the king – a powerful man who didn’t care about anything other than himself.  But God humbled him – God showed him who was really in control.  And you knew this, Belshazzar!  But you have ignored it.  And tonight you have made that fact crystal clear by praising these idols of wood and stone and metal while you’ve treated the objects that belong to God with contempt.  You knew the truth, and laughed at it.  And that will cost you.”

And then Daniel goes on to read and interpret the writing on the wall. The words that have been written are, as best we can figure out, are the Aramaic spellings of common coins of the day.  At that time, the value of a coin was not seen in its imprint (as we have today, where we accept the fact that a dime is worth ten times as much as a penny, even though the penny is clearly bigger), but rather in its weight of precious metal.  There are three coins mentioned: the mena, the peres, worth about half a mena, and a tekel, or shekel, worth about a sixtieth of a mena.  These words form a sort of a riddle that we might read this way: “A half a dollar, a half a dollar, a penny, and a quarter.”

Belshazzar’s Feast, Rembrandt (between 1635-1638)

Now Belshazzar looks up and he sees the words, but they don’t make sense. After all, why does a king care about the weights of the various coins?  Daniel comes in and realizes that God has made a pun for everyone to see.  Mena is related to the word for ‘numbered’; tekel is related to the word for ‘weigh’, and peres can mean ‘divided’.  Daniel says, “Well, king, it’s as plain as the nose on your face.  You have been found to be a real lightweight.  You knew what was right, you did what was wrong, and your days are numbered – the kingdom will be divided, or taken away.”

Belshazzar keeps his promise, and gives the goods to Daniel.  A parenthetical note here: some of you will recall that in previous weeks we’ve compared the story of Daniel to Joseph, and talked about how the Jews would want to be reminded of the fact that God is present, even when it’s hard to feel that.  Here are other reminders.  When old Pharaoh can’t make sense of the situation around him, how does he happen upon Joseph? After all of the king’s magicians and wise men failed, someone in the room said, “Hey, I remember a Hebrew slave who’s pretty good with this stuff.” And when Joseph solves the Pharaoh’s problem, what does Pharaoh give to Joseph?  A robe and a gold chain.

When Belshazzar is so afraid he needs a new pair or royal underwear, and his magicians and wise men are clueless, how does Daniel enter the picture? Someone in the room says, “Wait a second… remember that Hebrew slave who’s been around for ages?”  And what does Belshazzar give to Daniel?  A robe and a chain of gold. These are the same stories – they are connected – they are given to remind God’s people that we will endure exile, that we can survive, and that victory and power belong to God, not to any self-important ruler.  So at the end of the day, Daniel gets his reward, and fortunately for him, Belshazzar gives it to him in cash, because a couple of hours later, the king is murdered and the kingdom falls.

What a great story, with a lot to say to us.  I’d like to center on two insights that have gotten me thinking this week.

First, it seems pretty obvious that Belshazzar is in big trouble because he has ‘de-sacralized’ the vessels that had been in the temple.  That is, he took those holy objects – the cups and the plates and the trays that had been consecrated – set aside – for use at the temple in Jerusalem and used them for his drunken festival worshipping other gods.  More than that, when he did so he ought to have known full well what had happened to Nebuchadnezzar.  Belshazzar, this text points out pretty clearly, looked at the God of heaven and earth, the creator of the universe, and said, “Yawn.  Whatever.”  He took the reign and the rule of God lightly.

And so when Daniel pronounces the sentence indicated by the writing on the wall, we nod approvingly.  The king is only getting what he deserves.  It’s too bad, but the man should have known better.

Beloved, let me tell you the truth – and it is a hard and heavy truth.  We do what Belshazzar did every day.  We take what God has made to be holy and sacred and destroy it without thinking twice.  We should know better.

Look at the alb that I’m wearing.  100% cotton.  In order to grow the cotton that we use in our clothing cheaply and efficiently, the fields are first plowed up.  Then they are sprayed with a chemical cocktail that sterilizes the soil so that there are no pests like weevils or fungus.  There’s nothing else, either.  The soil is so heavily treated that in some cases it takes 5 years before earthworms can live in it.  And then, because the soil has been bleached, after they plant the cotton they’ve got to use more chemicals to fertilize the plants.  What did we read just a couple of weeks ago? ‘The earth is the Lord’s and all that is in it!’  Yet we are turning our farmland into food factories that depend not on the cycle of rain and sun or the virtues of rotating crops or composting, but rather on daily doses of deadening chemicals and cancer-causing pesticides and environment-destroying fertilizers.  Whether it’s the clothes we wear, the plastics we toss aside so lightly, or the fuels we burn so freely, we take the reign and rule of God, and God’s care for this earth, lightly.

Here’s another way that we do this same thing.  God has created us to be a body, right?  We are called God’s people.  We live together.  We work to build the kingdom here.  But how do we treat each other?  We gossip.  We backbite.  We harbor resentment.  The Lord has given us clear guidelines about how to deal with conflict when it arises – because it always does.  But the sad truth is that sometimes I’d rather talk about  you than with  you.  God has given us a good, good gift – the treasure of relationship – and so many times we don’t value that gift enough to treat each other as though we were owned by and consecrated to the Lord.  And then we look up and see the writing on the wall.  And then it hits us – that perhaps this applies to us as well.

That leads me to my second insight from this passage, which is this: God expects us to learn not only from our own experiences, but from those of other people.  Daniel, a foreign exile, a man of no power or consequence in the kingdom, comes face to face with the most powerful man in the known world, and tells him that he ought to be ashamed of himself for not learning from the mistakes of other people.  More than that, actually, he says that Belshazzar’s failure to apply the lessons he ought to have learnt will, in fact, cost him his life.

OK, because I know that you all have Google, I need to be upfront with you about something important right now.  This is fake news.  That is to say that so far as we know, there never was a “King of the Babylonians” whose name was Belshazzar.  King Nebuchadnezzar, who kidnapped Daniel, did have a son, who ruled after him – but his name was Amel-Marduk.  Nebuchadnezzar apparently had a grandson, or maybe a great grandson, whose name was Bel-shar-usur, who would sometimes rule in Babylon while his father was away from town, and the timing works out that this Bel-shar-usur might very well have been in Babylon on the evening of October 11, 539 BCE.

So what’s your point, Pastor Dave? I mean, if this didn’t happen, or at least it didn’t happen this way, then why are we even reading it?

Because the point of the book of Daniel is not to make sure that all God’s children know the timeline of the Neo-Babylonian Monarchy of the 6th century BCE!  This part of the Bible is written to remind us that there will be times when we are called, or even sent, into exile.  There will be times when God’s people will face testing, and live under rules that we don’t like, and watch people who think that they have authority strut around like they own the place.

Right now, I’d like to speak to the young people who will stand up here and affirm their faith in Jesus.  Your call, as young disciples, is NOT to be sure that you continue to do things exactly the same way that we’ve always done them, or to come into church as if it’s a museum full of holy relics and life-giving artifacts and it’s your job to protect those things.  I’m asking you to learn from the mistakes we have made; to be faithful in your own discipleship, and to, starting now, create a “new normal” for yourselves and our world that is closer to the ways that God wants it to be.

In our reading from Luke, Jesus banishes an evil spirit.  He encounters a man who is in trouble, and he cleans things up.  But then the person who was healed did not seek to build upon that healing.  He didn’t choose a good to replace the evil from which he’d been delivered.  As a result, he ended up worse than he started.  This time of quarantine, this forced interruption of your lives has taken a number of things from you.  You have had to re-invent the ways that you spend your time, do your homework, express your love, grow in faith.  I want to encourage you to keep looking for new ways to be yourself, to be faithful, to be anchored in the person that God intends you to be.

So maybe the point is this: who do you want to be in this story?  The arrogant king who scoffs at God’s power and makes light of the sacred?  The inept wise men who look at the writing on the wall and shrug their shoulders and say, “well, it’s all Greek (or Aramaic) to me”?  Or an agent of the living God who is sent to proclaim the truth of God’s presence in the world and to reveal the lifeless idols for what they are?

Beloved, the message of Daniel is clear – you don’t get to choose everything; you’re not in charge.  You’re going to be handed some stuff that you don’t want and don’t deserve.

But what you are in charge of is how you deal with it, and seeking to learn from it. As you make your profession of faith in a public fashion this morning let me encourage you to continue to seek out what is holy, to build relationships of trust and where it is safe to wonder about things, and to grow in your ability to be person who is responsive to God’s leading and committed to the friends around you.  I’m proud of you.  Thanks be to God.  Amen.

Being Centered in God’s Care in the Exile

With other communities here in Western Pennsylvania, the saints at the First U.P. Church of Crafton Heights are experiencing the “next stage” of the COVID-19 pandemic.  We’ve entered the “Yellow Phase” of our struggle with this virus.  As our culture wrestles with the implications of the Coronavirus, including “stay at home” orders and social distancing, we find it helpful to consider previous stories of exile and separation.  Our texts on May 17 included Daniel 4:18-37 and Acts 17:24-28.

To hear this sermon as preached in worship, please use the media player immediately below.  There is a link to the YouTube recording of the entire worship service posted at the end of this blog entry.

Imagine that you are hosting a few guests from another country.  Let’s say that you are looking for opportunities for your friends to experience your culture, and so during their stay, you immerse them in all manner of places and events.  And let’s say that you’ve been invited to a wedding, but at the last minute you can’t go. Because you really want them to have the experience, you send them anyway. When they gets home, they’re very impressed, but have a few questions.

Your friends ask you about the part where the announcer called all the people in the room to form a circle, and then how everyone began acting very strangely.  Your guests say that people began to wave various body parts at each other.  You think and you think and you think and finally it hits you.  They were watching the crowd during “the Hokey-Pokey”.  It wasn’t a random waving of body parts, but rather a choreographed sequence of motions:  “You put your left hand in, you take your left hand out, you put your left hand in and you shake it all about…”

In this case, you can tell your friends that there is really nothing unusual here – it’s just a dance.  Now it would be unusual, you think, if you went to a wedding and there in the middle of the vows someone jumped up and started doing the Hokey-Pokey, or if off in the corner there was an odd person doing it alone.  But in our normal context of weddings and dancing, there is nothing odd about it because, in spite of the song’s claim, the Hokey Pokey is not really what it’s all about.

You may be asking yourself what all this has to do with the Bible and our current exploration of the life of exile.  Well, the answer is simple:  Daniel 4, and indeed all of Daniel, answers the basic question, “What is the reality of history?”  Do we experience our lives, do families and cultures and nations come and go by chance?  Or are we in some sort of a dance?  Is our world shaped by random, and therefore meaningless events, or are we participants in a choreography that has a final conclusion and promised end?

This is precisely the presenting issue here in Daniel 4.  Who calls the shots?  Who is in control?

A reminder that last week we heard Daniel 3, which began with king Nebuchadnezzar punishing Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego for worshipping YHWH – because the king said that the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob was not, in fact, a real god.  And Daniel 3 ends with Nebuchadnezzar praising these three young men, and saying that they have in fact shown him that YHWH is a god – or at least, one of the gods.  Here in Daniel 4, we see Nebuchadnezzar take the next step: the chapter ends with the pagan king saying that at the end of the day, he has come to realize that YHWH is not just a god, but THE God, the Most High God.  How did he learn that?  Through a means we’ve seen already in this story – the interpretation and fulfillment of a dream.

Daniel Explaining the Dream to Nebuchadnezzar, print by Adriaen Collaert (between 1593-1597)

You have heard the dream.  Like much of the book of Daniel, it’s repeated in a couple of different ways so that the hearers can soak it in.  This is a long chapter, and I’ll encourage you to read it all.  Nebuchadnezzar’s dream is a prediction of the king’s punishment with insanity and loss of reason, leading to his humiliation and eventual restoration.

Let me invite you to look at the reading, and in your own bibles go ahead and circle verses 17, 25, and 32.  Here we see the refrain of this story chorused again and again:  “the Most High is sovereign over the kingdom of mortals; he gives it to whom he will and sets over it the lowliest of human beings.”  Time and time again,Nebuchadnezzar (and we) hears this profound theological statement – a statement that reminds this great king that he is not who he thinks he is – he is not the most powerful, the most wise, the most authoritative person in this story — God is.

Daniel gets that theme.  Daniel understands!  And in verse 27, Daniel pleads with the king to change his behavior, to adjust his life, so that he will not receive the punishment of which he’s dreamed.  Daniel says, “Look, King, it’s not too late.  Start over.  Maybe you can make this punishment only a bad dream…”

It’s interesting to note that Daniel has not only a bit of counsel for the king, but he has a strategy.  God wants the king to know who is deserving of glory and praise – only God.  And this message from Daniel to the king seems to indicate that the correct response for those who know that God is in control is to act with righteousness and to show mercy to the oppressed.  There is something about recognizing God’s position in the world that ought to compel us to treat others rightly.  When we recognize that we are not almighty, we have the opportunity and responsibility to treat others with mercy and humility.

But, of course, the King doesn’t get it.  Take a look at verse 30.  A year later, he’s walking through the palace and it hits him — he’s done all right for himself.  “Look at my palace, my city!  I made it myself.  It’s great – and it displays my honor and my glory!  I’m all right!”  And before the echo from the marble pillars and golden statues dies down, Nebuchadnezzar receives the fulfillment of his dream.  He is punished in one of the worst ways imaginable – he is driven from human society and away from reality.  The mighty, powerful king finds himself eating grass; his hair is as long as an eagle’s feather and his fingernails are like talons. I mean, you thought the “stay at home order” has been tough, but…

And some time later, God relents and Nebuchadnezzar is restored.  He blessed God and moves, as we have said, from being obsessed with his own power and glory to extolling the one true God.  And the end of the chapter describes Nebuchadnezzar’s repentance and the ways that he yields to God’s greatness and power.

Friends, the book of Daniel calls the question: Who is in control?  Who calls the shots?  Only God.  God is, in the words of our reading from Acts, the one in whom we live and move and have our being.  The prime mover.  The unmade maker.  The Ground of all being.  There are lots of ways to describe this truth – but it is foundational to our understanding of life, and it is profoundly Good News for Hebrew exiles.  The proud Empire that conquered Jerusalem is not really in control.

A theological way to talk about this idea is called the doctrine of “Providence”.  That is to say, human history and existence has a meaning and a purpose.  We are not simply here on a roll of the die or a spin of the wheel, but rather we believe that somehow God, who sits outside of human history, is ordering that history towards a particular end.  Another theological expression that might be applicable here is the one that we call “Election” or “Predestination”.  Over the years, Presbyterians have taken a bad rap on this one, because people have said that the idea of predestination means that God, before the foundation of the world, decided that you, me, and your mother in law would inherit life forever no matter what, and that your sister, my brother, and my mother in law would go straight to hell, no matter what.

While I resist these individualistic understandings of belief systems anchored in the idea that God, not me, is sovereign, I like what Karl Barth has to say: that the doctrine of election or predestination is more binding on God than it is on humanity.  That is to say that before the invention of time and before the beginning of the world, God elected to bind God’s self to humanity through Jesus of Nazareth so that humans might receive life.  Barth points out that when folks talk about election and predestination, it’s almost always about individual people being sent to heaven or hell – but that the act of reconciliation that Jesus accomplished was to bring the children of God to the throne of grace.  God is in charge, moving through history so that everyone – kings and peasants – will know that fellowship with God is the purpose of life.[1]

Friends, the notion of God’s providence and sovereignty over the creation can be seen as either a threat or a promise.  For those who are unable to see themselves, their plans and desires, and their authority as anything less than central, well, this notion causes difficulty.  And so I would suggest that the first word that we can hear in this text for today is one of caution.

As we find ourselves in the first “yellow phase” of our lives, many of us are tired and irritable and, frankly, just about over this whole coronavirus thing.  We are ready to get back to normal.  We want to take that vacation, we need to get our hair and nails done, and we bristle at any so-called “authority” who tells us what we ought to do in a reality we no longer want to inhabit.

When I have those thoughts, I wonder… how much of that comes from a place of humility?  How much of that is rooted in an awareness to God, and not me, rules over creation?  When I sit out on my porch and work myself up into a state over what “they” (whoever “they” are) are trying to do to “me”, am I any different than Nebuchadnezzar strutting across his balcony preening in his own power and authority?

And you might respond, as I hope that some of you do, that there is not just a need for a word of caution here, but of compassion as well.  After all, we read that one of the prime complaints against Nebuchadnezzar was his unmerciful behavior toward the oppressed.  And, for all I know, some of you may be yelling at your TV screen now saying, “Look, Carver, you chowderhead!  I don’t want to go out because I’m all that – but people have got to get back to work.  I want to support the folks in the restaurant industry and the hair stylists and the hotel workers.”

The word “compassion” comes from two Latin roots: pati, meaning “suffer”, and com, meaning “with”.  We stand at a place in history where we have been extended an opportunity to offer compassion to our neighbor.  To enter into their suffering.  And I get it: maybe you really do want to get out because you want to help people feed their families.

Can you do that today?  Do you want to help your hair stylist feed their family? Then give that person a Giant Eagle card – not because they cut your hair, but because they are suffering.  Don’t let your pride (“Uh, well, I would do that, Pastor, but then that would just make it weird between us…”) get in the way of your ability to live with compassion.  Offer what you can to the people who are in your field of vision.  Give of yourself.  Compassion.

And lastly, there is a word here of encouragement.  Remember, I said a few moments ago that the idea of God’s providence implied both a threat to the proud and a promise to the humble.

So remember this, beloved: there is good news for the people who heard the story of Daniel for the first time.  Consider the context of this story!  Do you remember the situation in which the first hearers of this story found themselves?  They were being persecuted.  Their children were murdered.  Their holy objects were profaned.  An evil king was tearing apart those who would be faithful to the Lord.  But here, in Daniel, they hear something different.  They hear the story of a pagan king who turns to God.  They hear of an evil tyrant who is punished and repents.  They hear a story that cannot help but fill them with hope that somehow, their suffering might have meaning.

God is in control!  That’s not just good news to an unknown crowd of Jews a couple of thousand years ago.  There is good news for today.

There’s good news for those who are caught in the economic crisis of this pandemic.  You, or someone you love, may have lost a job or some savings because of the climate of greed and irresponsibility that has typified this nation for a while.  The truth that this morning’s lesson brings to each of us is that none of us is in “free fall” right now.  At the end of the day, we are not at the whim of China or the President or a bail out or even a virus.  We are not living in a chaotic world where we have to deal each day with the luck of the draw and are subject to chance in every area of our lives.

You are living in a world where God has chosen to be a partner in your life.  God has willed – God has elected – to be active day by day.  We are dancing with the Lord. Now look, I didn’t go to the Mary Pappert School of Music at the Duquesne University of the Holy Spirit like some people I know, but I understand that when our friend PJ was learning to play jazz piano, he came to understand quickly that while he may have some mad skills, he is not always the composer or the director. Sometimes he’s given a sheet of music that’s in a particular key and carries a certain time signature and he’s expected to do his best to improvise within a chord structure that he didn’t choose.

That’s us. I know that there are times when we simply cannot see the purpose and our lives look a whole lot like a mishmash of one thing after another.  Yet I am convinced that the Book of Daniel is here to point to the Gospel truth that we will one day know the full depths of the Composer’s love for and presence with us.  You belong to God, and are headed to God.  It is in the very heart of God that you live and move and have your being.

My prayer for you is that you would believe this.  That you – wherever you are – will begin to understand yourself first and foremost as a disciple of the Christ who has come to establish fellowship between God and humanity.  And when you think of yourself as a disciple, for goodness sake, don’t do it the way we do so many things – by dabbling around but not really investing ourselves.  So often we go part way.  We put our left arm in, or we put our right arm in, but we don’t really take it seriously.  Friends, follow God in this dance of discipleship and belief; listen for the rhythm of God’s movement in your life and in your world any place you are… and then, beloved, put your whole self in.  Shake it all around.  That’s what it’s all about!  Thanks be to God!  Amen.

[1] See The Theology of Karl Barth, by Herbert Hartwell (Westminster, 1964) p. 105ff.

Being Focused in the Furnace of Exile

Like much of the rest of the world, The saints at the First U.P. Church of Crafton Heights are living in the reality of the COVID-19 pandemic.  As our culture wrestles with the implications of the Coronavirus, including “stay at home” orders and social distancing, we find it helpful to consider previous stories of exile and separation.  Our texts on May 10 included James 1:1-5 and Daniel 3:13-30

To hear this sermon as preached in worship, please use the player just below.  Note that a YouTube link for the entire service appears at the end of this post.

Well, here we are.  It’s been 56 days since many of us worshiped together in this room.  55 days ago the President told us to stay indoors for 15 days.  There have been 37 days since Governor Wolf issued his “stay at home” order for the entire state.  How do you measure how long you’ve been adapting to our current reality?

Today is Mother’s Day.  Many of you who are with us this morning woke up to snow yesterday.  On May 9!  Your pastor, who encouraged you to plant seeds at Easter, is grieving over his kiwi blossoms and sweet potato starts today.

What in the blue blazes is going on here?

In the midst of a long day, when there was seemingly one challenge after another, the saintly woman we know as Mother Theresa was frustrated and exasperated.  At one point she let out a long sigh and said, “I know that God won’t give me anything more than I can handle…but there are some days when I wish God didn’t trust me so much.”

Do you know that?  Have you felt that?  Have you been down a road of pain and suffering and frustration and cried out to the Lord?  If you have, then you have learned one of the greatest lessons of the Christian faith.

The last time I preached to you, we talked about the fact that the Book of Daniel teaches us something that goes against our American culture.  Do you remember?  We said that although the culture insists that I am a free agent, I am the master of my own destiny, the captain of my own ship… the scriptures teach that God is in control and in fact God tells me who I am.

Today’s readings are similarly challenging.  Whereas much of our world believes that suffering is evil; or that it is punishment; and that it is to be avoided at all costs – the scripture teaches us that suffering is not meaningless.  In fact, if the Bible teaches us anything, it is in fact that suffering, far from being evil, can be redemptive.  That suffering can be a path to blessing.  Did you hear James?  “Consider it nothing but joy…”, he says!  Seriously?

Do you remember last week when I suggested that the story of Daniel was meant to remind people of the story of Joseph?  Do you remember what Joseph said to his brothers?  “You meant to hurt me, but God turned your evil into good to save the lives of many people…” (Gen. 50:20 NCV)

And now today we walk into the furnace with these three kids who have been taken away from anything that they ever thought was “normal”.  Talk about “out of the frying pan and into the fire!”  And yet the witness of scripture seems to be clear: suffering is not meaningless.

When we started this series of messages, I described for you the context in which the Book of Daniel was first read.  Do you remember?  We talked about the terrible difficulties that the people of faith had already endured: they’d been exiled, quarantined, forced to adapt to different schedules, different diets, living in a climate of political turmoil and fear day after day. And to these people, beset by one trial after another, God reveals the story of Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego.

As we consider this tale, I need to say that we’ve lost our ability to hear an important part of this story.  Our culture is one that insists upon, and rushes towards, a happy ending.  We know that their suffering will not last – and so we basically skip it altogether.  When we tell our children this story, we don’t dwell in the horrors of the furnace, we skip to the happy ending that we know is coming.  Yet it’s a story about profound suffering that carries with it profound truth.

The Three Young Men in the Fiery Furnace (15th century icon of the Novgorod school).

What is the place of suffering in Daniel 3? The first thing that we see is that this trial provides an opportunity for these three boys to be faithful to the Lord.  Think: what do the young men say to the King when he threatens them with the furnace? My hunch is that we remember them saying something like this: “Our God will save us from the fire, O king.”  But that’s not it at all.  From the text, it’s plain to see that Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego have no certainty about their future.

A faithful translation of verses 16-18 might go something like this:  “…King Nebuchadnezzar, Your threat means nothing to us.  If you throw us into the fire, the God we serve can rescue us from your roaring furnace and anything else you might cook up, O king.  But even if he doesn’t, it wouldn’t make a bit of difference, O king.  We still wouldn’t serve your gods or worship the gold statue you set up.” (The Message)  Do you see?  They acknowledge that they don’t know whether God will save them or not – and they don’t seem to think that’s the most important part of the story. What is the most important thing for these boys?  Obeying God!

Do you remember the first commandment?  Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego surely did.  What about the second?  That’s what they were thinking.  Nebuchadnezzar was sure that they’d try to save their lives, but all they were thinking was, “Have no gods before me” and “do not worship idols”.  The trial in front of the fiery furnace was a chance for these three young men of faith to demonstrate with their lives that they were willing to obey the commands of God

So, in Daniel, suffering provides a chance to be faithful to God.  But that’s not all.  It also puts us in a place where we can shed the things that are unimportant or even harmful to us.  Look again at the reading from Daniel.  Old Nebuchadnezzar heats up the furnace all right, but what happens when the three boys are tossed in?  Who dies?  The Babylonian guards.

And what actually gets burnt up in the fire?  When these kids are thrown into that fire, the cords that have constricted them are consumed by the blaze.  As a result of being thrown into the furnace, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego become untied.  When they emerge from the furnace, they are freer than they were when they went into it.

Now I want to be very, very careful as I say this, and I hope that you are listening carefully as well.  I am NOT saying that God sends us terrible pain or experiences or death or disease because God wants us to somehow get loosened up because of those things.  That is not what I’m saying at all.  And yet I am saying that the kinds of disruption and disorientation that accompany suffering and trials can sometimes free us to experience things in a new way.

To be crystal clear: Pastor Dave is not preaching that the God sent us the coronavirus to teach us a lesson.  That God unleashed this pandemic in order that we might be attentive and straighten up and fly right.  Nope.  Nope.  Nope.

And yet, here we are – in the middle of this experience that has been deadly for hundreds of thousands, frightening for millions, and inconvenient for billions.  While I’m saying that God didn’t do this to teach us a lesson, I would also say that we would be fools to ignore what may be learned while we’re here.

One of the most disturbing refrains in recent weeks is “Can’t we please just get back to normal?”  As if the experience we shared in February is the nirvana toward which we are all striving, and the measure of perfection that defines the best humanity can do.

Do I need to remind you that in February, an unarmed African-American man was out jogging and apparently hunted down and slaughtered by two white men?  Or that a civil war in Syria was raging, involving not only warring factions within that nation but Israel, Lebanon, Russia, Turkey, and the USA?  That the pace of our lives and our thirst for energy was consuming us and destroying the planet?

Here’s my point: we are in a difficult, difficult place.  Many people we love are far worse off than we.  We want the lockdown to end, the virus to die, and to be restored to our jobs and our friends and families.  But let’s not settle for going “back to normal”.  “Normal” wasn’t the best for us any more than the situation just prior to the furnace was the best for Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego.

Let’s use this time of separation and isolation and disruption to imagine a new normal.  To think about moving forward to the next best thing, rather than simply going back to how it used to be.  To think of new ways to be present and attentive to ourselves and our neighbors; to pray for a new imagination; to seek new patterns of shopping, consumption, and growth; to search for new avenues in which to oppose racism and other evils.

What I’m saying is that maybe there is something about suffering and trial that can make us better able to hear the voice of the Lord – something about painful situations and loss that can help us to lose the bonds that have held us back and be free to move – even in the midst of the fire.  How does this happen?  When we realize that we are not in the midst of the fire alone – but that God himself is there with us.

Because that is what happens in our story!  Nebuchadnezzar himself points out that there is a fourth person in the fire.  Now, think about that for a moment.  For some reason, God does not prevent the young men from facing the ordeal of the furnace – yet we must note that God does not allow them to go through it alone.  God is present with them every step of the way.  So much so that when they come out of the furnace, they don’t even smell like smoke!

Beloved, remember that you are not now, and you never will be truly alone. When you feel as though things are so awfully hard to bear, remember that you are not in a position where you are holding them all by yourself.  I believe that one of the reasons we have been given this story is that we might be assured by the promise and the presence of the Holy One in the midst of the crucible of suffering.

Why do we remember Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego?  Why do we tell these stories to our children?  After all, there’s not a person in this room who has been threatened with death in a fiery furnace.  We are not in the same situation as those boys, nor as the original hearers of the story.

I would suggest that one of the reasons we tell these stories to the people we love is because we want to remind them – and ourselves, that suffering and death are not the worst things that can happen to us.

When I was a boy, and my mother would go to work as a nurse, there would be times when I would hear her talk about her patients.  One day, I remember her saying about a friend, “But what if she doesn’t die?  That might be really terrible…”  And I remember looking at her as if she were crazy – after all, what could possibly be worse than death?  And she read my mind, because she looked at me and said, “You know, David, there are many things worse than dying.”

My mother was right.  Giving up is worse than dying.  Living a life without purpose or meaning is worse than dying.  Refusing to let go of the cords that bind you up is worse than dying.

Are you in the midst of suffering and pain?  Can you cry out to God?  Can you hold onto God?  Will you look for God’s presence in the midst of the furnace that you’re in?  Will you remember that your story isn’t finished yet?

I’m told that a bar of steel weighing several pounds is worth, say, $10.  If you take that same steel and shape it into several horseshoes, the value rises to $25.  Make it into nails, and it’s worth a little more.  Fashion it into sewing needles and the value rises to $350.   Yet if you take that same amount of steel and fashion it into delicate springs for expensive watches, it’s worth more than $250,000.  The same bar of steel is made more valuable by being cut to its proper size, passed through one furnace after another, again and again.  It is hammered, beaten, ground, finished, polished, and manipulated until it’s ready for a delicate task.

What about you?  Are you being heated, pounded, shaped?  You don’t need to run from it, you know.  Just look for the One who calls you.  Look around the furnace for the one who is faithful.  Cry out.  Do your part, and trust the One who made you and who is with you still to do the rest.  Let us look forward, in hope, to a new kind of normal in the months to come.  Thanks be to God, Amen.

Being Faithful and Rooted in the Exile

The saints at the First U.P. Church of Crafton Heights gathered virtually on April 26, 2020 to continue the celebration of the season of Eastertide.  As our culture wrestles with the implications of the Coronavirus, including “stay at home” orders and social distancing, we find it helpful to consider previous stories of exile and separation.  Our texts this week included Daniel 2:25-49, and we also heard from Paul to his friends in Rome, Romans 12:3-5

To hear this sermon as preached in worship, please use the media player below.  Note that there is a link to the YouTube broadcast of the entire service at the end of this blog.

So at the Ash Wednesday service, the congregation prepared for the usual prayer of confession.  The preacher started off as usual, but apparently got so caught up in the moment that he stepped away from the elegant pulpit, threw himself on the chancel, and began to weep loudly.  As he did so, he cried out, “Nothing, God, nothing! Before you, I am nothing!”

The congregation was visibly moved by this show of humility, and in a moment the leader of the worship team throws herself down next to the pastor and begins to imitate him, wailing, “I’m nothing, Lord! Before you, I am nothing…”  After a moment, there’s a bit of a stir in the back when the town drunk steps into the aisle and kneels, and cries out, “O Lord, before you, I am nothing!”

While the congregation stares, the worship leader nudges the pastor and says, “Well get a load of this! Look who thinks he’s nothing!”

This morning, I’d like to talk about who we are, who we think we are, how we understand ourselves, and the notion of humility.  And as I start I’ll confess that this is a difficult message because the more I talk about humility, the less you’re convinced that I have any of it.

“Daniel Interprets the Dream of King Nebuchadnezzar”, William Brassey Hole (1846-1907)

We are continuing to read in the Book of Daniel, listening for ways in which God’s presence and truth was revealed to a people who were sent to a place they didn’t want to go, held by a power they didn’t acknowledge, and asked to define themselves in ways that they couldn’t understand.  Last week, we read about the fact that King Nebuchadnezzar had had a vision in the night and he was just about ready to slaughter every one of his advisors before young Daniel announced that, with God’s help, he knew the dream and its interpretation.  He rushed to tell the executioner, Arioch, that God had given him the answer and that the wise men’s lives could be spared.

Did you notice what happened in the reading today?  Arioch leads Daniel before Nebuchadnezzar and begins by saying, “I have found a man who can solve your problem, O King.”  Seriously? The only thing Arioch did was to not kill Daniel – but he wants the king to associate whatever success Daniel has with Arioch himself.  Not what I’d call a lesson in humility.

Then, as you heard, Daniel tells the truth.  That is, he not only reveals Nebuchadnezzar’s dream, but he interprets the dream.  It’s a long and complicated vision, and, quite frankly, not the point of this morning’s sermon.  If you’d like to talk with me about the four kingdoms and the ways in which they may or may not be representative of various historical realities, well, give me a call and maybe we’ll both have had enough of the Coronavirus boredom to make that an interesting conversation.  But the emphasis for today is this – that the king puts an apparently impossible demand in front of his lackeys and Daniel is the only one who brings him any satisfaction.  Nebuchadnezzar accepts Daniel’s explanations and our text indicates that he worships Daniel.

When many of us gathered for our Wednesday night Bible study this past week, we talked about the word “worship”, and how it is a natural attribute of humanity.  When we “worship” someone, we usually use that word to mean a celebration of someone’s strength or other attributes, or an adoration of that person, or pointing to the power or accomplishments of the individual. I say this because when the Bible says that the king “worshiped” Daniel it is not implying that the King somehow “accepted Daniel into his heart” or began a new religion.  Rather, it’s a way of saying that the king acknowledged that Daniel was a great guy who told the truth.

The king goes on to acclaim Daniel’s God, YHWH, as the God of gods and the Lord of kings, and he promotes Daniel to be, essentially, vice-king.  He also elevates Daniel’s other companions to offices of respect and power.  I assume you got that from the reading today, right?

Question: did any of that sound vaguely familiar?  Look at the arc of the story: a young man is taken away from his home and his family and sent to the capital of the Empire.  While there he is imprisoned, threatened with harm, and attempts are made to convert him to the Empire’s way of thinking and style of life.  The king, however, experiences a disquieting dream and, against all odds, the young captive from Israel is brought in to interpret the dream.  The grateful king celebrates the wisdom of this outsider and elevates him to a position of great rank and authority in the Empire, recognizing his wisdom and the superiority of his God.  Have you seen this movie before?

Of course you have!  Isn’t that the story of Joseph, sold by his brothers into slavery in Egypt but rising as the vice-chancellor to save the people?  This type of an account, which might be called a “court story”, is central to the Old Testament narrative.  In fact, we’ll see it again next week as we walk into the furnace with Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego.

Why are these stories important in the Bible?  I’d suggest that there are at least three things that the court stories do.

First, they serve to remind everyone – the people of God, mostly, but the whole human family in general – that God is sovereign.  That is, they affirm the truth that the great I AM is the one true God.

Secondly, it would follow from this that those who learn from YHWH and who are faithful to YHWH have access to a wisdom that is superior to wisdom that comes from other sources.

And thirdly, these court stories are told and re-told to remind those who follow and serve YHWH that they can be encouraged and even hopeful in the midst of situations that might be otherwise untenable.  As Andrew Lloyd Webber put it in his musical Joseph and the Amazing Technicolor Dreamcoat,

Close every door to me,
Keep those I love from me
Children of Israel
Are never alone
For we know we shall find
Our own peace of mind
For we have been promised
A land of our own

These court stories inform the collective memory of the people of God in such a way that nurtures and sustains hope, especially when things look dire.

All right, so if that’s what we’re looking at when we consider this story from Daniel – a “court story” that reminds us of what is true even when our own immediate experience might suggest something else – then what are to do with it?  In what ways can we apply Daniel’s experience to our own?

Well, how does our brother Daniel behave when he finds himself facing a traumatic event in his own life?  As we’ve noted, Daniel is uprooted from his normal routine, taken away from his regular school or work, given a new diet, forced to learn a new language, expected to participate in a reality that is not of his choosing…  How does he respond?

One key aspect of Daniel’s personality that shines through here is his remarkable humility.  You heard it a moment ago – several times when the king is seeking to praise him, Daniel deflects and says, essentially, “Look, it’s not me or any other human; it’s YHWH.”  You could argue, correctly, I’d say, that Daniel does not get into a deep kind of self-abasement or lowering; he does accept the king’s gratitude for the role that he played.  Humility is like that, isn’t it?  As Paul says, it’s a proper assessment of who we are. We take an honest look at who we are and we think about how the gifts we’ve been given equip us to participate in what God is doing.

Frederick Buechner writes about humility, saying

Humility is often confused with the gentlemanly self-deprecation of saying you’re not much of a [card] player when you know perfectly well you are. Conscious or otherwise, this kind of humility is a form of gamesmanship.  If you really aren’t much of a [card] player, you’re apt to be rather proud of yourself for admitting it so humbly.  This kind of humility is a form of low comedy.  True humility doesn’t consist of thinking ill of yourself but of not thinking of yourself much differently from the way you’d be apt to think of anybody else.  It is the capacity for being no more and no less pleased when you play your own hand well than when your opponents do.[1]

A few weeks ago I suggested that we could learn something from Daniel when it comes to living in the age of Coronavirus.  What would it look like for us to practice humility during these times of social distancing and virtual community?  Well, I can think of at least three things.

I don’t know what your screen time has been like, but 76% of us are reporting an increase in smartphone and tablet use during the lockdown.  47% of these folks say that their use of social media has increased significantly.[2]  Do you know what that means?  It means that you’re more likely to come into contact with fools.  It’s not a mystery, and it’s not a shocker.  The internet is full of idiots, half-baked ideas, and misinformation.  One aspect of humility is having the strength to avoid arguments with fools.

Look at what Daniel did.  He was surrounded by people who mocked him for his belief, who belittled him for his diet, or who couldn’t pronounce his name.  His continued faithfulness was not demonstrated by trying to prove to these guys that what he knew was superior to what they knew; instead, he went about his business and focused on being the person that God was calling him to be.  In fact, as we saw last week, not only did he refuse to get sucked into anything with the idiots around him, he actually saved their lives!

Another way in which we can see Daniel demonstrating humility is his refusal to compare himself with those around him. Again, last week we saw him drawing near to his colleagues, inviting them to pray with him and to seek the power and presence of YHWH.  You don’t hear Daniel pointing out how either Shadrach, Meshach, or Abednego have it somehow better than he, or how his suffering is more or less than the others.  He recognizes that they are in this together.

One of the temptations in our current reality is for those of us in some areas of the nation or world where the effects of the virus are not as pronounced is to look at other people and say, “Suck it up, buttercup!  It’s not that bad.  Quit being such a baby!”  And yet when we do that, we diminish the real pain and suffering in those communities where death has been a too-frequent visitor and the danger of infection is a matter of critical importance.

And finally, one of the most significant lessons we will learn and re-learn from our brother Daniel is that God, not we ourselves, assigns our identity.  Imagine this: that Daniel went into the bedchamber of the most powerful man in the universe and said, “Look, your majesty, you’re pretty big – I’ll give you that… but even you live in a universe that is governed by the God that I worship; that God is the one who raised you up and that God is the one who knows when you’ll fall.”  Daniel consistently points to a God who is sovereign over human history.

And if there is anything that sounds un-American in the Bible, well, that is it.  We are raised to think of ourselves as self-determining.  All around us these days are people who are proclaiming, in the name of something called “liberty”, that they, and they alone, will determine if they’ll go to the Target, if they’ll wear a mask, if they’ll respect social distancing… because, well, freedom.  “Nobody tells me what to do,” we say.

Will Willimon and Stanley Hauerwas were college professors when their book Resident Aliens: Life in the Christian Colony was published.  They write,

Our culture has perverted “liberation” to mean freedom from the demands of others in order to be free to follow the demands of the self… Why do you think that we’re all here at the university?  To get liberated!  To stand alone, on our own two feet, autonomous, liberated!  And when we finish…here at the university… you will not need mother, father, husband, wife, children, God, anybody.  We call it “education.”
…It’s tough out there.  Paganism is the air we breathe, the water we drink… Paganism defined as the worship of false gods who promise us results.  [As a person of faith], You better not go out there alone, without comrades in arms… So we must gather on a regular basis, for worship.  To speak about God in a world that lives as if there is no God.  We must speak to one another as beloved brothers and sisters in a world which encourages us to live as strangers.  We must pray to God to give us what we cannot have by our own efforts in a world that teaches us that we are self-sufficient and all-powerful.  In such a world, what we do here on Sunday morning becomes a matter of life and death.[3]

Beloved, know this: that if there is one thing of which this lockdown has reminded us, it is that we are no more self-sufficient or all-powerful than was Nebuchadnezzar.  We, no less than Daniel, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego, are interconnected, interdependent, and belong to each other.

We need each other.  We have the ability, in some cases literally right now, to save each other’s lives.  We have the ability to crush each other’s spirits.  How will we treat that portion of the creation with which we’ve been drawn close?  How will we treat those around us?  May we have the grace and wisdom to learn humility from our brothers Daniel and Paul and live with it onscreen and in real life, to the glory of God and the good of our neighbor.  Thanks be to God, who rules and reigns forever.  Amen.

Here is the YouTube recording of the entire worship service:

[1] Wishful Thinking: A Theological ABC (Harper San Francisco, 1973) p. 40.


[3] Resident Aliens, p. 153-154.